The app bridges the gap between the needs of the users and the things they have never realized before. However, the app idea that aims to let the users get the work done uniquely is possible only when the right tech stack is used. Exactly, the right tech stack is the backbone of the mobile app development without which expecting the app to work and succeed is implausible.
It ensures reduced app development cost and time and decides the fate of the app in the same vein with maintenance, scalability, and enhancements. Selecting the right mobile app tech stack ahead of app development enables smooth app development based on the app requirements. Let’s discuss everything related to the tech stack in detail.
What is mobile development tech stack?
The technology stack is the perfect blend of all the programming languages, frameworks, tools, platforms, and other technologies that enables app development. The tech stack consists of 4 components that are:
The mobile app development platform serves as a base for businesses to get the app developed, tested, and launched quickly for different platforms. It’s essentially a third-party platform that either businesses prefer to build or buy the platforms for completing the app development. The businesses will get front-end development tools, APIs management tools, and MBaaS, in addition to the native apps, web apps, and hybrid app development capabilities under the hood.
Behind the scene, the backend is the backbone of the app that makes the app work while encapsulating the ugly reality of the app. The backend is responsible for business logic creation, security, and data sorting that users can’t see. The backend is built using programming languages, frameworks, databases, servers, collaboration services, microservice platforms, and local development environments.
Additional needs of businesses for outstanding performance, robust security, enhanced growth, and high compatibility requires tech stack selection tailored to modern technologies and tools inclusion.
Different types of the tech stack
When building native Android apps, the developers require a couple of technologies and tools for the best results. Java and Kotlin are used as programming languages for Android app development. Java- the open-source language is an old kid on the block that provides a range of libraries to make development a breeze. Kotlin gains an upper hand over the Java language in terms of stability, lightweight, less verbosity, and API design.
Android Studio facilitates code editing, performance tooling, debugging, builds system, and deploy system that accelerates app development. Android developer tool opens the doors for graphical UI builder, on-device debugging tool, and emulators, and provides support for Android-specific coding and scriptable test automation. Android SDK provides access to the latest features and third-party add-ons can also be downloaded for functionality enhancements.
Android app development companies have the best Android experts to help you from tech stack selection to the mobile app development.
Quality iOS app development natively involves the following technologies and tools under the tech stack. iOS app development requires developers to choose either Swift or Objective C programming languages to avail of the dynamic runtime environment and object-oriented capabilities. Developers give more credence to Swift because its inline support for data and text string manipulation makes it flawless, reduces the app size, and thus, improves the performance.
Apple XCode is used as a toolkit when Swift language is selected for iOS app development. With support for the graphical editor, Git repositories, and debugging tools, it provides everything that’s required to build mobile and desktop applications. iOS SDK provides API (Including libraries and tools) that link platforms and applications.
When iOS app development is best of your buck, iPhone app development companies can help you get there with high-quality, unmatched development.
Cross-platform tech stack
This approach involves building a single codebase and then publishing the app on multiple platforms after wrapping them in different containers. Different frameworks or a combination of frameworks are leveraged for cross-platform development.
Why tech stack selection is important?
With operating systems getting upgraded once or twice a year, it is vital to make the app work on the latest OS and be compatible with existing OS versions. It requires choosing the tech stack that facilitates scaling the app to the new OS versions to keep modern users stay glued to the app. A single mistake influences the app’s performance and growth.
The wrong tech stack selection increases the problems and issues as the app development progress. The technology stack for mobile app development must be selected judiciously for better results.
How to select the best tech stack?
With a variety of tech stacks available for native and cross-platform development, it might be difficult for you to choose one. The best tech stack for mobile app development is to be decided by keeping the app’s functionality, scalability, maintainability, and other factors in mind. Let’s discuss all the factors that should be considered.
Every mobile app is unique in itself in every way. Be it the audience it’s targeting, the device on which it performs flawlessly, the network conditions required, the experience it delivers, platforms it runs on, and support for operating systems. All of these factors are completely different from one mobile app to another, which ultimately bring the differences in the programming language, framework, libraries, and tools selection under the tech stack umbrella.
Identify the app’s goals
What you want to accomplish with app development brings a large difference in the tech stack selection. When you want to develop a high latency app that responds at speed, then the tech stack selected is completely different from the app having low latency needs. Heavy load processing requires advanced technologies leverage that enables seamless interactions without any performance lag.
Development team capabilities
Many times, the company ends up selecting the tech stack with advanced technologies and tools included. But if the team is not well-versed or experienced with those tools, it ultimately extends the development time and efforts, thus the development cost. It’s better to choose the tech stack where the team has tried their hands and is comfortable while working with those technologies. Otherwise, achieving outstanding results while maintaining quality is implausible. Hire dedicated developers for your next project to strike a balance between the right tech stack selection and timely app development.
Keep room for scalability and portability
There’s always a difference between native apps and cross-platform apps when you observe them minutely. Native development is a good approach but you should choose the mobile app development tech stack that enables the app to port on other platforms because as the business grows, publishing the app on multiple platforms helps.
Also, the tech stack should provide room for scaling the app’s functionalities and design to keep it up to date with evolving users’ preferences and market conditions. Choose the tech stack that goes well with existing technologies and works compatibly with upcoming technologies.
We all know the financial damage can be dealt with, but reputation damage is irreparable. Under the tech stack umbrella, if there’s any technology or tool chosen with loose ends, then it breaks the app’s security and ruins the brand image. Include the tech stack that makes the app’s data safe and secure. Plus, if the best team is involved, they add all the security measures to the app that makes it impossible for fraudsters to put a dent in the security threat.
The app’s complexity is often misunderstood by adding numerous UI elements to the mobile application. Instead, it’s about making the app interact with features and communicate with the backend. Native app stacks are good at accessing device-specific features, data displays, and data caching services.
Some projects are time-critical that bring success to the table only when they are launched at the right time in the market. In such cases, prefer going ahead with the MVP approach that accelerates app development or opts for a tech stack that makes the development feasible in the limited time and budget with the allocation of more resources. Like the timelines there is a whole set aspects that go into the budget factor as well. Here’s a guide on mobile app development cost to help you understand the basics of app pricing and its various associated factors.
The technology that’s launched or backed by the parent company impacts the technology performance, documentation, and community support. For instance, Google, Adobe, and Microsoft have huge communities that are helpful for developers to get necessary assistance when required.
Wrapping it up
Going ahead with the latest trends and market conditions is good to go. However, planning for future releases is as important during app development. That’s where tech stack selection plays a vital role. The technology stack must be chosen prudently with thorough research as the long-lasting success of the app entirely depends on it. In case, you are unsure about tech stack selection, and have no prior experience then it is suggested that you find and hire a reliable app development agency to get the required assistance.
FAQs About Mobile App Technology Stack
A tech stack is a collection of languages, frameworks, libraries, tools, and APIs that are stacked one over the other to build a comprehensive solution.
The app stack is the backbone of the app without which the app development is impossible. It’s wisely selected from design and features to maintenance to make them work as expected.
Select the platform that serves your app needs most aptly. Declaring one such platform as the best is implausible because every platform is popular among different app developers for different types, different locations, preferences, demographics, and other aspects.
The app’s type, goal, timeline, budget, developers’ expertise, security, scalability, complexity, and portability needs, help in deciding the right tech stack.
An enthusiastic Operations Manager at TopDevelopers.co, coordinating and managing the technical and functional areas. She is an adventure lover, passionate traveler, an admirer of nature, who believes that a cup of coffee is the prime source to feel rejuvenated. Researching and writing about technology keeps her boosted and enhances her professional journeying.